Pan Am Flight 103 (aka Lockerbie bombing) was a flight from London to JFK airport in Queens New York. It was destroyed over Lockerbie, Scotland by a bomb on Wednesday, December, 21, 1988. The bombing took all lives aboard the plane (243 passengers and 16 crew members) as well as 11 additional people on the ground. After a 3 year investigation two Libyan nationals were fingered as the perpetrators. Murder warrants were issued for them in November 1991. One of the murders was located and jailed in 2001. In 2009 he was released after being diagnosed with prostate cancer. He died in 2012.
In 2003 Libyan leader Colonel Mummar Gaddafi accepted responsibility for the bombing and paid compensation to the families. To date the incident remains the deadliest act of terrorism to have occurred in the United Kingdom.
The motive that is generally attributed to Libya can be traced back to a series of military confrontations with the US Navy that took place in the 1980s in the Gulf of Sidra, the whole of which Libya claimed as its territorial waters. – Wikipedia
Compensation of 8 million per family was given to each family. Of that 2.5 million was taken out for legal fees. There is a very extensive article at Wikipedia about this subject. I recommend anyone interested to check it out and/or the books listed below.