On this day in 1879 Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany, which is about 90 miles or 141 km West of Munich. Six weeks after Einstein was born his family travelled that 141 km to Munich. This is where Einstein began his education at Luitpold Gymnasium. His family would again move to Italy, but Einstein would be attending school in Aaru, Switzerland. In 1896 he found himself in Zurich attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School. There, he trained to be a teacher of Physics and Mathematics. In 1901 he gained his Swiss citizenship and his diploma. When he was not able to find a teaching position he grabbed a job at the Swiss Patent Office. He married Mileva Maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two sons, but this didn’t slow down his education. He wasn’t able to stop his education and in 1905 he obtained his doctor’s degree. Still this wasn’t enough and in 1908 he got his PhD in Berne.
In 1911 he became a professor of theoretical physics in Prague. In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. In 1919 his wife died and he married his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, who died in 1936. He must of liked it in Germany because he became a citizen the same year and stayed there until 1933. But that didn’t last because he left for America because of “political reasons”. He quickly got a job as Professor of Theoretical Physics at Princeton. In 1940 he became an American citizen and in 1945 he retired. But he continued to learn and try to figure out things himself.
Einstein’s work is chronicled in many publications:
- Special Theory of Relativity (1905)
- Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950)
- General Theory of Relativity (1916)
- Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926)
- The Evolution of Physics (1938)
His non-scientific works:
Einstein traveled the world giving speeches and presentations. He was honored with numerous awards and received many honorary degrees from a bunch of universities. Einstein died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey.