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12 November
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Ellis Island Closes

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Ellis Island

Image credit: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ellis_Island.JPG

On November 12, 1954 after 62 years of operation with more than 5,000 immigrants a day passing over through Ellis island closed, due much in part to reduced use and its disrepair.  12 million people entered during its operation.  Including its first visitor 15 year old Annie Moore from Cork, Ireland.  The last person through the gates saws a Norwegian merchant seaman named Arne Peterssen in 1954.

During World War I immigration slowed and Elis was used as a detention center for suspected enemies.  In 1924 the Immigration Act was passed which reduced the number of new comers allowed into the US and also enabled US consulates to process immigrants.  After 1924 the facility was used as a hospital in World War II and a Cost Guard training center.  In 1984 the island had a $160 million dollar face lift, the largest historic restoration in IS history.  In September 1990 the Ellis Island Immigration Museum opened to the public and today is visited by almost 2 million people a year.

Sources:

Read more:

American Passage: The History of Ellis Island

American Passage: The History of Ellis Island

American Passage: The History of Ellis Island

 

Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America's Immigrant Hospital

Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America’s Immigrant Hospital

Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America’s Immigrant Hospital

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