A resolution, drafted by future U.S. president John Adams and adopted in Philadelphia, created the Continental Marines. The resolution stating that “two Battalions of Marines be raised” for service as landing forces for the recently formed Continental Navy.
That resolution was approved on November 10, 1775. Samuel Nicholas became captain and commanding officer of the newly formed Marines. He began recruiting by visiting public inns and taverns throughout Philadelphia. The first Marine landing on a hostile shore occurred when a force of Marines under Captain Samuel Nicholas captured New Province Island in the Bahamas from the British in March 1776.
After American independence was achieved in 1783, the Continental Navy was demobilized and its Marines disbanded. On July 11, President John Adams signed the bill establishing the U.S. Marine Corps as a permanent military force under the jurisdiction of the Department of Navy.
I’m way behind now. But I guess that is what happens when you are trying to take care of a newborn and working full-time, while trying to keep a blog and podcast going. Hang in there with me. I’m still going and I’ll keep going, I’ll just be a little behind. According to the schedule, I’m supposed to be on chapter 24 and I’m only on 17. I’ll get there. For previous post check out: Intro, Chap 1-3, Chap 4-6, Chap 7-9, and Chap 10-12. And now for more of Logan Beirne’s Blood of Tyrants…
While we have done post on July 4th in the past. I thought it important to provide those reading the newsletter more information about the short stories it contained. I like learning and the reason I did the podcast in the first place was to make learning easier for those of you reading and listening to the content I create. So here we go in the order the articles appear in the emailed newsletter for July. If you didn’t get the email please be sure to sign up on the right side of this page (and every page of the website).
So, Steven Spielberg, director of Temple of Doom and producer of Gremlins, to suggest a new rating to MPAA president Jack Valenti for films that have too much adult content to be rated PG, but not quite enough to be rated R. Spielberg’s suggestion was for an intermediate rating of PG-13 or PG-14. More information at Wikipedia: Adoption of PG-13.
Red Dawn was the first movie to have a PG-13 rating. According to history.com:
On August 10, 1983, the action film Red Dawn, starring Patrick Swayze and Charlie Sheen,became the first-ever PG-13 movie to be released in theaters.
There is more to July 4th, than fireworks and hot dogs. It also seems very surprising that both these great men that had so much to do with the United States as an independent country both died on that day of national celebration. From history.com:
Thomas Jefferson and John Adams were the last surviving members of the original American revolutionaries who had stood up to the British empire and forged a new political system in the former colonies. However, while they both believed in democracy and life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, their opinions on how to achieve these ideals diverged over time.
The next day, July 5th, sees the introduction of the Bikini in 1946. It was first shown in France at Piscine Molitor, a popular swimming pool in Paris.
Parisian showgirl Micheline Bernardini modeled the new fashion, which Reard dubbed “bikini,” inspired by a news-making U.S. atomic test that took place off the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean earlier that week.
Forrest Gump opens in U.S. theaters on July 6, 1994. It took home six Oscars including Best Picture, Best Actor. The movie was based on a 1986 novel of the same name by Winston Groom, who (like his main character) grew up in Alabama and served in the Army during Vietnam.
These are some of my favorite quotes from that famous movie. Post yours in the comments.
I gotta find Bubba!
When I was in China on the All-American Ping Pong team, I just loved playing ping-pong with my Flexolite ping pong paddle.
Mama says they was magic shoes. They could take me anywhere.
Forrest: Lieutenant Dan, what are you doing here? Lieutenant Dan: I’m here to try out my sea legs. Forrest: But you ain’t got no legs, Lieutenant Dan. Lieutenant Dan: [mildly irritated, but understanding] Yes… yes, I know that. You wrote me a letter, you idiot!
I’m sorry I had to fight in the middle of your Black Panther party.
Lieutenant Dan: Where are you boys from in the world? Forrest, Bubba: Alabama, sir! Lieutenant Dan: You twins? Forrest: No, we are not relations Sir.
On July 9 in 1941, crackerjack British cryptologists break the secret code used by the German army to direct ground-to-air operations on the Eastern front. You can listen all about this in the history podcast episode #77.
On July 17,1955 Disneyland opens. Walt himself introduces Disneyland in this youtube video. The $17 million theme park was built on 160 acres of former orange groves in Anaheim, California, and soon brought in staggering profits. Today, Disneyland hosts more than 14 million visitors a year, who spend close to $3 billion. Learn more.
First World Cup played on July 13, 1930. France defeats Mexico 4-1 and the United States defeats Belgium 3-0 in the first-ever World Cup football matches, played simultaneously in host city Montevideo, Uruguay. Learn more.
One of the few days in human history that will forever be remembered! July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong, 240,000 miles from Earth, speaks these words to more than a billion people listening at home:
That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.
Machu Picchu was discovered on July 24, 1911. Hiram Bingham, an American archeologist, gets his first look at Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca settlement in Peru that is now one of the world’s top tourist destinations. Learn more.
On July 26, 1775 Second Continental Congress established the U.S. Postal system with Benjamin Franklin as its first postmaster general. Learn more.
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