On January 29, 1891 Liliuokalani was pronounced queen. She was the last monarch and only queen regnant, woman monarch ruling in her own right (aka no king). She was born to a high chief and chieftess in 1838. Loosely translated her name means “the smarting of the royal ones”. She married a American born statesmen named John Owen Dominis in 1862. Dominis’ father had moved the family to Honolulu in 1837. Dominis cheated on the queen a lot but she still loved him and stayed with him. When he had a son from another woman Liliuokalani even tried to claim the child as her own to save Dominis the embarrassment of his public infidelity.
In 1874 Liliuokalani’s brother was elected king. He died on January 20, 1891. Nine days later Liliuokalani was queen. Her reign didn’t last. On January 14, 1893 a group of American’s and Europeans formed the Committee of Safety. It should have been called the group to Hawaii as a state. On February 1, 1893 the US minister/ambassador to Hawaii proclaimed the territory to be a protectorate of the United States. A protectorate is an autonomous territory that is protected diplomatically or militarily against third parties by a stronger state or entity. On July 4, 1894, the Republic of Hawaii was proclaimed and Sanford B. Dole became President. Yummy Pineapples! Hawaii was not admitted to the union until August 21, 1951.