On January 26, 1926 John Logie Baird, a Scottish inventor, gave what is widely recognized as being the world’s first demonstration of a working television system, to members of the Royal Institution and a newspaper reporter from The Times, at his laboratory in 22 Frith Street, Soho, London. Unlike later electronic systems with several hundred lines of resolution, Baird’s vertically scanned image had only 30 lines.
In 1927, Baird transmitted a signal over 438 miles via telephone line between London and Glasgow. In 1928, Baird Television Development Company/Cinema Television broadcast the first transatlantic television signal, between London and New York. In 1929, he became involved in the first experimental electromechanical television service in Germany. In November of the same year, Baird and Bernard Natan of Pathé established France’s first television company, Télévision-Baird-Natan. In 1931, he made the first outdoor remote broadcast, of the Epsom Derby. Baird’s electromechanical system reached a peak of 240-lines of resolution on BBC television broadcasts in 1936. On November 2, 1936 the BBC began transmitting the world’s first public television service from the Victorian Alexandra Palace in north. The intermediate film system was discontinued within three months in favor of a 405-line all-electronic system developed by Marconi-EMI.