The original Broadway production, starring Mary Martin and Theodore Bikel, opened on November 16, 1959. It is a musical with music by Richard Rodgers, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and a book by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse. It is based on the memoir of Maria von Trapp, The Story of the Trapp Family Singers.
|Maria Rainer, Mary Martin
||Captain von Trapp, Theodore Bikel
||Baroness Maria Augusta von Trapp
(26 January 1905 – 28 March 1987)
The songs from the musical have become standards, such as “Edelweiss”, “My Favorite Things”, “Climb Ev’ry Mountain”, “Do-Re-Mi”, and the title song “The Sound of Music”. The original 1965 movie staring Julie Andrews is now a classic, winning 5 Academy Awards. The film had a budget of just 8.2M, but brought in 126.5M the the US alone in box office sales.
Details of the history of the von Trapp family were altered for the musical. The real Georg Ludwig von Trapp did live with his family in a villa in Aigen, a suburb of Salzburg, and Maria von Trapp had been sent to be a tutor to one of the children. Lindsey and Crouse altered the story so that Maria was governess to all of them. The names and ages of the children were also altered. The von Trapps spent some years in Austria after Maria and the Captain married and was offered a commission to Germany’s navy. Since Von Trapp opposed the Nazis by that time the family left Austria after the Anschluss, they went by train to Italy and then traveled to London and the United States. To make the story more dramatic, Lindsey and Crouse had the family, soon after Maria’s and the Captain’s wedding, escape over the mountains to Switzerland on foot. – Wikipedia