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18 January
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A. A. Milne

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A. A. Milne

A. A. Milne

A. A. Milne was born 132 years ago today, January 18, 1882.  Alan Alexander was born in Hampstead, London to parents Vince and Sarah.  He is most well known for his children stories of a teddy bear named Winnie-the-Pooh.  One of his teachers growing up was actually H.G. Wells according to the wikipedia entry!  He wrote for the student magazine while enrolled at Trinity College, Cambridge.  He was there studying on a Mathematics scholarship.  After the school magazine he wrote for Punch a British Humor magazine where he would later become a assistant editor.  He joined the military for World War I and served as a officer until a debilitating illness, at which time he was recruited by military intelligence to write propaganda.  He was discahrged from military service on Valentines Day 1919.

He denounced the war in his book Peace with Honour then retracted in War with Honour.  In 1913 he married Dorothy “Daphne” de Selincourt and had his son Christopher Robin in 1920.  In 1952 he had a stroke and then brain surgery which left him an invalid.  He died four years later at the age of 74.  His son Christopher had a short stint in the military during World War II, then married and opened two bookstores.  He lived most off the money from the Pooh books.  In 1974, Milne published the first of three autobiographical books:

  1. The Enchanted Places
  2. The Path Through the Trees
  3. Hollow on the Hill 

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07 December
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Attack on Pearl Harbor

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Remember Pearl Harbor

Remember Pearl Harbor. Image credit: Marion Doss

It has been 72 years since the Japanese Imperial Navy attacked Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941.  The surprise attack forced the United States to enter World War II.  The attack hit the island at 7:48am local time.  The island was attacked by over 350 planes.  All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, four were sunk.  2,402 Americans were killed.  The following day the United States declared war on Japan.  A war that would en in many more deaths and the unleashing of atomic weaponry.

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Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor

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12 November
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Ellis Island Closes

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Ellis Island

Image credit: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ellis_Island.JPG

On November 12, 1954 after 62 years of operation with more than 5,000 immigrants a day passing over through Ellis island closed, due much in part to reduced use and its disrepair.  12 million people entered during its operation.  Including its first visitor 15 year old Annie Moore from Cork, Ireland.  The last person through the gates saws a Norwegian merchant seaman named Arne Peterssen in 1954.

During World War I immigration slowed and Elis was used as a detention center for suspected enemies.  In 1924 the Immigration Act was passed which reduced the number of new comers allowed into the US and also enabled US consulates to process immigrants.  After 1924 the facility was used as a hospital in World War II and a Cost Guard training center.  In 1984 the island had a $160 million dollar face lift, the largest historic restoration in IS history.  In September 1990 the Ellis Island Immigration Museum opened to the public and today is visited by almost 2 million people a year.

Sources:

Read more:

American Passage: The History of Ellis Island

American Passage: The History of Ellis Island

American Passage: The History of Ellis Island

 

Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America's Immigrant Hospital

Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America’s Immigrant Hospital

Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America’s Immigrant Hospital

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25 May
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HistoryPodcast 63 – Rape Of Nanking

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Nanking

Nanking

The Nanking Massacre, commonly known as “The Rape of Nanking”, refers to the most infamous of the war crimes committed by the Japanese military during World War II—acts carried out by Japanese troops in and around Nanjing, China, after it fell to the Imperial Japanese Army on December 13, 1937. The duration of the massacre is not clearly defined, although the period of carnage lasted well into the next six weeks, until early February 1938.

During the occupation of Nanking, the Japanese army committed numerous atrocities, such as rape, looting, arson and the execution of prisoners of war and civilians. Although the executions began under the pretext of eliminating Chinese soldiers disguised as civilians, a large number of innocent men were wrongfully identified as enemy combatants and killed. A large number of women and children were also killed, as rape and murder became more widespread.

The extent of the atrocities is hotly debated, with numbers ranging from the claim of the Japanese army at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East that the death toll was military in nature and that no such atrocities ever occurred, to the Chinese claim of a non-combatant death toll of 300,000. The West has generally tended to adopt the Chinese point-of-view, with many Western sources now quoting 300,000 dead. This is in no small part due to the commercial success of Iris Chang’s “The Rape of Nanking”, which set the stage for the debate of the issue in the West; and the existence of extensive photographic records of the mutilated bodies of women and children.

The massacre is a major focal point of burgeoning Chinese nationalism, and in China, opinions are relatively homogenous. In Japan, however, public opinion over the severity of the massacre remains divided. The event continues to be a point of contention in Sino-Japanese relations.

HistoryPodcast 63 – Rape Of Nanking.mp3 13:00 – 12MB

Links:

Wikipedia Article

Books:

That was Intect opening up the show again. Today our friend Tom Barker will be doing a guest podcast on the rape of nan jing. Stay tuned after the end of Tom’s contribution because today is the last Thursday of the month which means we will be giving away The Brothers Bulger by Howie Carr. Warner Books was nice enough to donate a book to give away to the awesome listeners of HistoryPodcast. A quick word of caustion. This episodes content may be disturbing to some.

Sorry, no transcript for this guest podcast.

Thank you very much Tom! If you would like to contribute your own guest episode to historypodcast please contact me via historypodcast@gmail.com. You can also request a topic by posting it on the forums on the website or calling it in to 206 339 7278 thats 206 339 7278. I look forward to hearing from you.

Now on to our listener appreciation segment.

This past Tuesday was Ron aka the Griddlemaster’s birthday from griddlecakes radio.

There are currently 121 frapper mappers on the map.

Todays frapper mappers are:

  1. Doug Hoyer from Kailua, Hawaii Doug says “Aloha from Hawaii history buffs! Hey, Hey! I am the 1st History Podcast guy from the entire Pacific!”
  2. Xanthippe from Zurich, Switzerland
  3. Rick from Colorado Springs, Colorado. Rick Says “Hi from Colorado springs!”
  4. Robertas from Lithuania
  5. Kirsten McLean from Denver, Colorado

In order to win the book The Brother’s Bulger by Howie Carr answer this question:

We have had two guest podcasters on this month. Who were they?

Send in your answer via email to historypodcast@gmail.com. I will randomly select a winner and let you all know who won on the next show.

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